By Katherine Smith (auth.)
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Additional info for Beyond Evidence-Based Policy in Public Health: The Interplay of Ideas
The ﬁrst- and second-order types of policy change he outlines can occur within a ‘policy paradigm’ or, in other words, within ‘normal policymaking’. In contrast, securing a shift in an embedded policy paradigm is a rare occurrence and, when it does happen, marks a ‘periodic discontinuity’ in policy. Hall argues that this kind of shift is unlikely to occur through gradual policy or research-based processes of learning because it tends to be more sociological and political in nature (although, following Kuhn, he claims that the emergence of perceived anomalies with an existing paradigm is likely to aid the chance that a new paradigm will succeed).
Ensure there are sufﬁciently high incentives among researchers and research users to engage in knowledge exchange, for example, invest resources or minimise the ‘costs’ incurred by engaging in knowledge-transfer activities (Contandriopoulos et al. 2010; Innvær et al. 2002; Mitton et al. 2007; Nutley, Walter and Davies 2007; Walter, Nutley and Davis 2005). Other popular recommendations (supported by three to four reviews) • Ensure research is relevant, timely and actionable (Contandriopoulos et al.
Analysts working within this framework often focus on the media employed by individuals to construct and communicate ideas. Importantly, the term ‘actor’ relates to material objects, machines and concepts (or ideas) as The Fluctuating Fortunes of ‘Evidence-Based Policy’ 35 well as to human actors, so it includes the tools used to communicate research-based ideas, such as texts, lecture theatres and projectors, as well as the human individuals involved. All of these actors are perceived to have agency and all are also treated as the effects of heterogeneous networks.
Beyond Evidence-Based Policy in Public Health: The Interplay of Ideas by Katherine Smith (auth.)