By Madsen Pirie
A consultant to one zero one thinkers within the background of philosophy. It summarizes the contribution one hundred and one key philosophers who've made to the advance of philosophical suggestion, because the historical Greeks. It deals a glimpse into each one philosopher's lifestyles and paintings.
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Extra info for 101 Great Philosophers: Makers of Modern Thought
34 101 Great Philosophers Epicurus elevated friendship as one of life’s greatest pleasures, and praised the satisfaction of ‘natural’ desires for food and shelter, over the ‘vain’ desires for power and wealth. Anxiety and fear were great sources of pain and unhappiness, especially fear of death or divine punishment, he taught, whereas in fact earthquakes and natural disasters were caused by the movement of atoms rather than the wrath of the gods. His disciples shunned politics on the grounds that it led ultimately to pain.
In doing so, he irritated important people by making them seem ill-informed. To Socrates wrong-doing comes from ignorance, not deliberate evil, whereas wisdom leads to virtue, and life should be spent searching for the good. He advocated a simple life, a theme that later inspired both Cynicism and Stoicism. 24 101 Great Philosophers Following political turbulence in Athens, Socrates was charged with corrupting youth and promoting impiety. In fact he seems to have observed religious ritual, and claimed an ‘inner voice’ alerted him if he were about to do wrong.
St Anselm 1033–1109 St Anselm is regarded as the father of scholasticism, the philosophy which dominated mediaeval thinking until the Renaissance. Anselm sought to reconcile reason with faith. Reason was not a substitute for faith, he maintained, but could lead people to understand what was ﬁrst accepted through faith. Born in Burgundy, Anselm became Archbishop of Canterbury in the period after the Norman conquest. He was virtually forced into the post by a king who had experienced conﬂict from his predecessor.
101 Great Philosophers: Makers of Modern Thought by Madsen Pirie